International Day for Zero Tolerance of Female Genital Mutilation
YMCA GHANA SPEAKS AGAINST FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
There is no doubt that Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is one the major negative cultural practices that affect the dignity and violates the fundamental human rights of women. It must be emphasized that the practice does not only affect the dignity and pride of women but it also has serious health implications for them. FGM is the practice that involves the complete removal of partial removal or alteration of the genital for non- medical reasons. This is internationally recognized as a violation between the sexes. Since it is almost carried out on minors, it also violates the rights of children.
The FGM is usually done by an elderly woman in the village, who is designated as the practitioner. She may also be a traditional birth attendant and sometimes a village barber. The practitioner of FGM uses tools such as special knives, scissors, razors, or pieces of broken glasses. On other occasion sharp and burning stones are used in the exercise.
Recent estimate indicate that around 90% of cases include clitoridectomy, excision or cases where girls genitals are “nicked” but no flesh removed and about 10% are infibulations(WHO) 2009-2016. Women and girls living with FGM have experienced a harmful practice. FGM increases the short and long term health risks to woman and girls and it’s unacceptable from a human rights and health perspective. It causes severe pain, excessive bleeding, genital tissue swelling, death, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), psychological consequences and many others.
In Ghana, the practice of FGM is still quite widespread in the three Northern Regions. There is the need for FGM activist to identify influential and key individual leaders and groups in the communities and collaborate with them in the effort to uproot the custom form the society. There is also the need to assist people to think and reflect on the dangers and health implication associated with FGM and to empower girls and women who stand up against it. This could be done through community sensitization programmes, formation of watchdog committees to oversee and report those involved in the practice to the appropriate authorities. Education and counseling on FGM should be integrated into the day-to-day work of Nurses and Midwives and behavioural communication materials should be developed to facilitate the campaign against Female Genital Mutilation. We strongly stand against FGM and condem its prcatice.
#spread understanding that religion does not demand Female Genital Mutilation
#keep pushing for Female Genital Mutilation to be banned
#Speak out about the risks and realities of FGM